Blog on the Run: Reloaded

Tuesday, April 7, 2009 9:18 pm

“Becoming a banana republic”

Filed under: We're so screwed — Lex @ 9:18 pm
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Simon Johnson, a former chief economist of the International Monetary Fund, says that where oligarchy is concerned, there’s no such thing as American exceptionalism:

In its depth and suddenness, the U.S. economic and financial crisis is shockingly reminiscent of moments we have recently seen in emerging markets (and only in emerging markets): South Korea (1997), Malaysia (1998), Russia and Argentina (time and again). In each of those cases, global investors, afraid that the country or its financial sector wouldn’t be able to pay off mountainous debt, suddenly stopped lending. And in each case, that fear became self-fulfilling, as banks that couldn’t roll over their debt did, in fact, become unable to pay. This is precisely what drove Lehman Brothers into bankruptcy on September 15, causing all sources of funding to the U.S. financial sector to dry up overnight. Just as in emerging-market crises, the weakness in the banking system has quickly rippled out into the rest of the economy, causing a severe economic contraction and hardship for millions of people.

But there’s a deeper and more disturbing similarity: elite business interests—financiers, in the case of the U.S.—played a central role in creating the crisis, making ever-larger gambles, with the implicit backing of the government, until the inevitable collapse. More alarming, they are now using their influence to prevent precisely the sorts of reforms that are needed, and fast, to pull the economy out of its nosedive. The government seems helpless, or unwilling, to act against them.

The former chief economist of the International Monetary Fund may seem an unlikely person to be suggesting that the U.S. financial system be overhauled and its influence weakened … but then he has seen that work in other countries, so who knows?

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